What are Common Aspects of ABA Programs?

ABA is used to help people with autism learn new skills and behaviors by breaking these skills into smaller steps for learning. For example, learning to wash your hands can be broken down into steps. Breaking tasks down into steps for teaching is called task analysis. ABA also utilizes positive reinforcement that encourages repeating the desired behavior or tasks. For example, a teacher or parent might ask child to put his toys away. If the child puts her toys away, the teacher or parent will praise the child by saying something like "great job." If the child does not put the toys away, the adult might guide the child's hand or with hold a reward until the child puts the toys away. The parent or teacher would then record how many times the child put his toys away to see how well the treatment is working.